Assalaamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatu
“Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah) (above all that (evil) they associate with Him),Who took His slave (Muhammad SAW) for a journey by night from Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) to the farthest mosque (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad SAW) of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.” Al-Isra 17:1
The Isra and Miraj refer to, two parts of a miraculous journey that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) took in one night from Makka to Jerusalem and then an ascension to the heavens.
The beautiful and perfect story took place in the ninth year of the Prophet’s mission. It is explained that the angel Jibreel came to him and led the Prophet to al-Buraq (described as a white horse like winged creature from the heavens (“whose each stride stretched as far as the eye could see”) who flew Him with Jibreel from Makaah, to the furthest mosque in Jerusalem, Al-Asqa.
The Prophet then was united with Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other various Prophets as He led them all in prayers. Muhammad (PBUH) was presented a vessel of wine and a vessel of milk. The Prophet chose the milk and Gabriel said, ‘You have chosen the true religion’.
On his (PBUH) way, rising through the seven heavens, he again met the various prophets, and his vision of the heavens and of the beauty of those horizons permeated his being. He at last reached the Lotus of the Utmost Boundary (Sidrat al-Muntaha). This was where the Prophet received the injunction of the five daily prayers and Revelation of the verse that established the elements of the Muslim creed (Al-Aqidah):
“The Messenger believes in what has been revealed to him from his Lord, as do the believers. Each one believes in God, His angels, His books, and His Messengers. We make no distinction between one and another of His Messengers. And they say: ‘We hear, and we obey: [we seek] Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the end of all journeys.” Al-Baqarah 2:285
For a more detailed version of the miracle of Al Isra and Al Miraj, please visit http://aicp.org/index.php/islamic-information/text-pdf/english/61-the-miracle-of-al-isra-and-al-mi-raj